Within graphic design, the concept of systems is profoundly rooted in form. Starting from a series of design research residencies in the context of the Porto Design Biennale, this volume proposes a variety of perspectives - social, cultural, political - to challenge this deeply engrained tradition.
Contents: 1. Graphic Design Systems, and the Systems of Graphic Design Francisco Laranjo 2. Design Systems, Porto Design Biennale Research Residencies Luiza Prado & Pedro Oliveira, ACED, Ruben Pater, Demystification Committee 3. One Size Fits All Ruben Pater 4. Fluttering Code: A Cultural and Aesthetic History of the Split-flap Display Shannon Mattern 5. Anything with a Shape Cannot Be Broken Ian Lynam 6. Co-Creating Empowering Economic Systems – Strategies for Action Brave New Alps 7. Lining Out Georgina Voss